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January 11, 2014

Ambon

 

Ambon preparing Sago Moluccas Indonesia ca 1906

Preparing Sago ~ Moluccas Indonesia ca 1906

Ambon was colonized by Portugal in 1526. The Portuguese were driven out by the Dutch in 1609. Except for brief periods of British rule, the island remained under Dutch control until Indonesia's independence in 1945.

Ambon Schoolchildren singing Moluccas Indonesia 1908Ambon protestant Church Moluccas Maluku Indonesia 1899

During the Dutch period, Ambon was the seat of the Dutch resident and military commander of the Maluku Islands. The town was protected by Fort Victoria, and a 1911 Encyclopædia characterized it as "a clean little town with wide streets, well planted". The population was divided into two classes, orang burger (citizens) and orang negri (villagers), the former being a class of native origin enjoying certain privileges conferred on their ancestors by the old Dutch East India Company. There were also, besides the Dutch, some Arabs, Chinese and a few Portuguese settlers.

Ambon Wedding Couple Moluccas Maluku Indonesia ca 1906

Wedding Couple ~ Maluku Indonesia ca 1906

 

Amboina Victoria VOC KNIL KPM Moluccas Indonesia 1910

 

Amboina Radio Station Moluccas Maluku Indonesia 1914Amboina Exposition Moluccas Maluku Indonesia 1905

 

On 22 December 1902, the Apostolic Prefecture of Dutch New Guinea was established in the city, later to be promoted as the Diocese of Amboina.

Ambon Island was the site of a major Dutch naval base, captured by the Japanese in 1942. Ambon was a center of Christian missionary activity, and Ambon and the surrounding islands have many Christians as well as the Muslims that predominate in most of Indonesia.

 

(words from wikipedia)

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