October 25, 2014
A lirong woman (Klemantan) of the Tinjar river. The lobe of the ear of Kayan and Kenyah women is pierced at an early age. When the lobe has been distended to below the collar-bone, the weight on each ear is as two and a half pounds. | From: Buschan, Georg (1900): Die Sitten der Völker, Vol. I, plate 260, page 217. "The Pagan Tribes of Borneo" photo: Charles Hose, 1912. Customs of the World ca. 1912
Raden Saleh Sjarif Boestaman (1811 - April 23, 1880) was an Indonesian Romantic painter of Javanese ethnicity who pioneered modern Indonesian art. He was considered to be the first modern artist from Indonesia (then Dutch East Indies), and his paintings corresponded with nineteenth-century romanticism which was popular in Europe at the time. He also expressed his cultural roots and inventiveness in his work.
October 24, 2014
In Batavia (now Jakarta), Dutch colonialism created commercial opportunities which attracted immigrants from many areas of what is now Indonesia. This economic activity also lured thousands of Chinese people to Java. Swift immigration challenged the city's limited infrastructure and created burdens on the city. Tensions grew as the colonial government tried to restrict Chinese migration through deportations.
October 23, 2014
Batak Woman with Parrot ~ 1911
Batak is a collective term used to identify a number of ethnic groups predominantly found in North Sumatra, Indonesia. The term is used to include the Alas, Kluet, Singkil, Karo, Pakpak, Simalungun, Toba, Angkola, and Mandailing which are distinct but related groups with distinct, albeit related, languages and customs (adat).
In North Sumatra, Toba people typically assert their identity as 'Batak', while other 'Bataks' may explicitly reject that label, preferring instead to identify as specifically 'Simalungun', 'Karo', etc
The location of Pintu Kecil is not far from the Great River. Formerly at this location there were so much Chinese architecture buildings. At the present time, the buildings have already vanished. After the “rebellion” from the Chinese in October 1840, VOC ban the Chinese people dwelt inside the fort. Pintu Kecil including Glodok become the Chinese Camp. The VOC made this area as a tool to monitor the Chinese in Batavia
Since the beginning of the 20th century, Pintu Kecil has been transformed into a center of trade and business of the Chinese. At that time Pintu Kecil had become the Batavia Wallstreet. Pintu Kecil at the present time more easily recognized as a street to Asemka or Pasar Pagi (Morning Market). In this Pintu Kecil, the textile merchants also gathered because this region is a center for textile wholesaler. It is said that until the 1970s – when the business and trade is still based in the Jakarta Kota, this was the place where the circulation of money.